What is Endometriosis and What are the Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Endometrioses are cells that are usually found in the ovaries and are shed during menstruation. While largely affected by hormonal changes, these cells are implanted in the fallopian tubes, vagina, cervix, or pelvic. When implantation of endometriosis happens outside these regions of the body, particularly outside the uterine lining, endometriosis becomes a medical condition which affects women’s ability to conceive a child.

In records, this type of disease affects 5 to 10 percent of women of which 30% have problems related to infertility. It affects women by reacting to the menstrual cycle, breaking up, and shedding without any regards as to where it has been implanted in the body.

At times, endometriosis is hardly recognizable until women get pregnant and find out about it by pregnancy complications; however, most of the times, endometriosis in women can be detected through the various different detectable symptoms it brings up.

What are the symptoms of endometriosis?

The symptoms of endometriosis are usually associated with pain although symptoms may vary from one woman to another. In the early stage of endometrioses one or two mild symptoms can be felt. These include abdominal pain or pelvic pain during menstruation and lower back ache usually one or two days before menstruation starts. Although abdominal pain is normal during menstruation due to sensitivity of muscles as blood flows, pain that is brought by endometriosis usually progresses as months go by just as the number of symptoms also increases. On the next few months, some symptoms would start to rise such as pain after sexual activity, pain upon moving out bowels due to constipation or when urinating, and pain in the lower thigh or leg during ovulation.

As endometriosis gets severe, such symptoms can go along with some bleeding. Women usually would notice blood spot in the urine or blood in the stool. Bleeding can also occur after sexual intercourse in which women feel worse pain. At times it comes out as vaginal bleeding which looks like a menstruation but is not. This is known as premenstrual bleeding due to endometrioses that is associated with heavy flow of blood from the vagina even when women are not expecting their menstrual period yet or when menstrual flow used to be normally lighter. Moreover, other symptoms of endometriosis include headaches, low grade fevers, depression, low blood sugar, anxiety, and susceptibility to infections and allergies.

Adhesion which involves abnormal union of tissues develops later on the Endometriosis stage. This usually develops in the pelvic cavity which causes interference of organs located in the pelvis. This is the reason why women experience digestive problems, severe bowel obstruction, and urinary problems.

Endometriosis treatment – why you need them

When endometriosis is not treated, such situation can lead into increase vulnerability to various health problems and diseases such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome that exhibits signs and symptoms similar as having flu but is not directly or easily healed with rest; Hypothyroidism or  a deficiency of the thyroid hormone leading to abnormal functions in the body; and Fibromyalgia which is associated with wide coverage of pain in the body due to tenderness and sensitivity of joints, muscles, and tendons.

Conditions like these already exhibit the most severe stage of endometriosis. Before such situation comes, experts advised that women visit their healthcare providers upon feeling the earliest signs of endometriosis. As a benign disease, such can simply be treated through medication and surgery