IVF (in vitro fertilisation) is a well-known process that has been around since the 1970’s. Since then, many people have taken advantage of IVF to conceive and give birth successfully.
The IVF treatment involves the extraction of eggs from the female and externally inseminating them with the male sperm. The procedure is performed under laboratory conditions. When the egg develops into an embryo, it is re-implanted into the uterus for conception and birth. This is different from the artificial insemination, where the sperm is planted in the uterus.
The IVF treatment has traditionally used to help women who may have specific fertility problems to conceive. Some of the commons problems that this treatment has addressed include:
• Men who have a lower sperm count than a healthy fertile male.
• The sperm not successfully passing through the uterus.
• Endometriosis – This is a health problem that is faced by many women. It arises when the tissue is found to grow on the outside of the uterus which can not only lead to great discomfort, but it also prevents a female from being pregnant.
• Problematic anti bodies that maybe causing harm to either the egg or the sperm and hence preventing successful conception.
• The fallopian tube or the uterus not allowing successful conception. /p>
When it comes to sex selection, IVF has been successfully combined with PGD (pre-implantation genetic diagnosis) in the recent years to help couples to conceive a baby of their chosen gender. The combination of this treatment has been used by fertility clinics from around the world since its introduction in the 1990’s.
If a couple is looking to conceive a baby boy or a girl, then in addition to the above procedure, they will require the introduction of PGD before the embryo is implanted into the mother for conception. After the egg starts growing into a few cells, the pre-implantation genetic diagnosis check determines whether the embryo is either a male or female.
More specifically, the test is used to check the embryo for the X and the Y chromosome to determine its sex. So in order for the embryo to be female, the X chromosome from the male sperm will need to combine with X chromosome of the mother to produce a female. It must be noted that the mother only produces the X chromosome. For the embryo to be male, the Y chromosome from the male will need to unite with the X chromosome to result in a X-Y combination; in other words a female. So with this in mind, the doctors can analyse the make up of an embryo to determine its sex and ultimately re-implant the desired embryo into the mother for conception and pregnancy.
As well as determining the sex of the baby, this step also detects any hereditary disease that may be present in the embryo. High tech DNA sequencing equipment can be used to examine the genetic code to determine whether disease is present in the embryo. Finding the disease is a fine art and this process has to be carefully performed to ensure the absence of potentially fatal disease.
Some of the diseases that this step detects include; as Down syndrome, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease, just to name a few common ones. Some could be rare diseases such as Spinal Muscular Atrophy, which is the most common killer of children who are under the age of two years. In fact, there are over a hundred diseases that can be tested using PGD. These diseases can be fatal and the PGD test adds an extra safety net to ensure that chance of conceiving and delivering a healthy baby is even higher than normal. The doctors will perform the test on a few embryos and ultimately a healthy embryo of the desired gender is placed back into the mother to be conceived.
So when this treatment is used, the mother does not only conceive a baby of a chosen sex, but in addition PGD ensures that the pregnancy is healthier than normal. For example, the chance of a miscarriage is reduced with this process. This combined with the high accuracy of the treatment is making the PGD/ IVF fertility treatment an increasingly popular choice for people who are looking to choose the gender of their baby. In fact, for many the IVF/ PGD is a dream come true. This is an excellent method for couples who are looking to balance their family plan with almost 100% accuracy. No other fertility treatment gives such an accurate guarantee.
There are many instances where a mother or a couple may be reluctant to have any more children if they have already had children of the same sex, in case another child of the same sex comes along. Many couples in such situations will simply abandon the idea of having another child, unless there is a guarantee of conceiving a child of a desired gender. Some may even go as far as to adopt a child of a desired gender just to fill the gap in their exercise to balance their family. This treatment helps people in such situations get a guarantee of the gender of their next child. It has recently increased dramatically in popularity with people from all over the world. The high accuracy and the success rate is driving more and more parents to undergo the treatment.
In the early days couples who were undergoing the IVF treatment only would opt for PGD. But in more recent times, this has changed dramatically. People are now requesting the treatment specifically to choose the sex of their babies.